We have all felt saddened at some point in our lives. Sometimes life gets too much and you just wish you could break free. Work, relationships, kids, money… they can all trigger negative feelings in us. This is normal, but if this becomes a constant feeling, lasting weeks rather than days and it makes us feel like giving up, it’s time to seek help.
In its mildest form, depression can mean just being in low spirits. It doesn’t stop you leading your normal life, but makes everything harder to do and seem less worthwhile. At its most severe, major depression (clinical depression) can be life-threatening, because it can make you feel suicidal or simply give up the will to live. You can watch video below to understand depression.
1- Symptoms of Depression –
2. What causes depression?
- Childhood experiences- If you experienced a traumatic event in childhood, or were abused physically or emotionally, or were not helped to learn good coping skills as you grew up, this can leave you less able to cope with difficulties as an adult.
- Physical conditions-The following conditions may cause depression, but are sometimes overlooked because of the focus on their physical symptoms:
• conditions affecting the brain and nervous system
• hormonal problems, especially thyroid and parathyroid problems;
symptoms relating to the menstrual cycle or the menopause
• low blood sugar
• sleep problems.
Poor diet can contribute to depression.
Street drugs and alcohol
Although you may be very tempted to have a drink to cheer you up, alcohol is a depressant, and will tend to make you feel worse overall.
Although no specific genes for depression, have been identified, it does seem to run in families to some extent, and some of us are more prone to depression than others. This could also be because we learn behaviour and ways of responding from our relatives, as well as inheriting our genes from them.
3. What help are available?
- Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) helps to identify and change negative thoughts and feelings affecting your behaviour and, although often a short-term treatment, may last up to 12 months.
- Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy is an approach to wellbeing that involves accepting life, and living and paying attention to the present moment. It includes taking time to see what is happening around you in a non-judgmental way, rather than going over your problems again and again.
- Behavioural activation makes you look at the simple everyday tasks you may be avoiding and start doing them.
- Counselling, which can be short- or long-term. It allows you to express your feelings and helps you to find your own solutions to your problems.