Career although a simple word yet too complex a term to deal with. It’s what makes or mars us. Being able to make a correct decision about the same is often so essential that it eventually shapes who we become not just professionally but also as a person. It determines one’s level of satisfaction, well-being and one’s mental state.
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Frequently Asked Question About Career Counselling
- What is Career Counselling? Or What is Career Guidance?
- Why talk about Career counselling?
- When should one start talking about careers?
- Errors in Choosing Careers
- Negative impact of incorrect career decisions one may sometimes make
- On What Basis Should One Arrive At A Career Decision?
The term ‘Career Counselling’ or ‘Career Guidance’ refers to those activities which are carried out by career counsellors in a variety of settings for the purpose of stimulating and facilitating career development in individual over their working lifetime. These activities include assistance in career planning, decision-making and adjustment. In school setting, specifically, career guidance may be viewed as a continuous developmental process that assists individuals with life career preparation through active curricular interventions that provide career planning, decision making, coping skills development, career information and self-understanding (Gibson and Mitchel).
Career is a fairly important aspect of our life, which is often talked about but much less rationally thought about. It is something that most of us speculate about at one time or the other, first as a child, then as an adult and later as a parent, teacher or a grandparent.
It is usually recommended that one should start talking about careers when a child enters class VIII as this is the time, when children begin to arrive at some basic understanding of what interests them, what they enjoy doing or are inherently better at. They are also capable of gaining a better understanding of themselves, of broadly streamlining career options with little assistance. A broad frame work at this age is likely to help them explore more, learn more and to channelize their potentials so that are capable of choosing a right stream after XII.
- Often we choose what appears glamorous. What seems trendy
- What most of their friends have chosen:
- Based on commonly prevalent myths
- Based on what family and relatives recommend
- Based on what their cousins or elder siblings are doing
- Based on marks obtained
- Based on ease
- Some people may choose a career that is above or below an individual’s mental ability, which often leads to frustration
- One may end up choosing a career for which an individual may not possess the essential skills
- Sometimes people may choose a career for which an individual cannot attain the required standards of skills. For example, one may lack an aptitude for it.
- One may choose a career, which may not be compatible with an individual’s personality traits like an introvert is asked to choose a career which involves lot of public speaking.
- Sometimes one may choose a career for which an individual may lack the necessary stamina and physical strength.
- Some people may choose a career without considering the financial implications involved in it.
- Sometimes people may choose a career without considering the vacancies or future employment potential of a career. For instance there are some career in which employment opportunities are limited.
A career choice also gets affected by several factors like the relationship of a career decision to one’s self-concept (Wellington, 1982), family background (Bratcher, 1982), gender, educational background, values, age (Miles, 1981; Wilson and Lunneborg, 1982), economic factors, public policy, job vacancies etc. Below the author has enlisted several factors that one must take into account while arriving at a career decision:
- An individual’s personality type or cardinal personality traits
- An individual’s areas of interest
- An individual’s aptitude
- Nature of work:
- An individual’s strengths and limitations
- An Individual’s motivations
- An individual’s aspirations
- An individual’s and his family’s value system
- An individual’s academic potential:
- Availability of Resource