Depression and Coronary Vascular Diseases (CVD)

It has been seen that depression is related to heart diseases and many other physical diseases. Here in this article I will share about how it affects your hearts briefly.

  • Relation of Depression and Coronary Vascular Diseases (CVD)

Depression and Coronary Heart Diseases both are related to each other many times occur together and they most disabling. But it hard to say that one causes other. But yes they occur together frequently.

  • Depressive patients has high chances of CVD

In depressive patient chances for CVD is high as there are changes in hormones and nervous system, that increased the chance of CVD like arrhythmia (disturbance in heart beat rhythm).

  • Depression negativity affect the treatment of CVD

Depression affect the treatment of CVD negatively like  depressive patient has generalized hopelessness, helplessness and worthlessness which will stop him talking regular treatment and rehabilitation for CVD until unless they are not treated. They think the life is not worth living, people are not good, and this world is not good place to live and that is why they don’t  take treatment.

If someone has depression there are changes in hormones that can cause heart diseases and other factor is the behavioral factors like becoming less active gaining weight and eating habits of depressive patients can make him more vulnerable for the  CVD. (these are the symptoms of the Depression)

  •  Biological mechanisms of CVD in Depression

Alterations in cardiac autonomic tone, common genetic vulnerability, enhanced activity of the hypothalamic pituitary-axis, greater platelet activation, increased catecholamine levels, increased whole blood serotonin, inflammatory processes, lower omega-3 fatty acid levels, mental-stress induced ischemia, toxicity of tricyclic antidepressants.)

  • Behavioural mechanisms of CVD in Depression

Behaviorally depressive patients are less active which we call decreased psychomotor activity means, their psychological processes and motor activity are less than normal individuals and they don’t care for themselves. Inactivity leads to less physical activity and gain in weight , which further may leads to obesity and risk factor for the CVD.

In a similar way  people with depression can also experience changes in Central Nervous System and hormonal imbalance which can make it more likely for a heart rhythm disturbance(arrhythmia). Studies also indicates they have uncommonly sticky platelets, which clot blood and these sticky platelets can lead to hardening of arteries (atherosclerosis) and which further increases the chances of heart attack.

  • Effect of depression treatment on CVD

As we discussed main symptoms are hopelessness, helplessness, and worthlessness. That affect negatively the treatment of CVD. If we treat depression,  patient will be able to think positively and can see treatment process hopefully. And they will be more motivated for treatment and will respond in a better way.

  • Stigma CVD and Depression

It is truth that there is a lot of stigma related to depression and overall mental health many times we don’t take it seriously.  So my advice is do not ignore the symptoms of the depression it may lead to CVD and many other physical disorders.  In case of depressive symptoms like decreased psychomotor activity , sadness, helplessness hopelessness and changes in appetite and sleep  and it continues for long so visit your nearest clinical psychologist or psychiatrist they will help you. We have an old saying “Healthy Mind Breeds Healthy Body and Visa Versa.”

  • What researcher says

A study shows that people with Severe Mental Illness have a 53 % higher risk for having cardiovascular disease than healthy controls, with a 78 % higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease over the longer term.

If you have any other query/comment please feel free to post below


About Atul Verma Clinical Psychologist

Atul Verma is Licensed Clinical Psychologist at Unique Psychological Services.

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